IRS Announces COLA Adjusted Retirement Plan Limitations for 2020

The Internal Revenue Service today released Notice 2019-59 announcing cost of living adjustments affecting dollar limitations for pension plans and other retirement-related items for tax year 2020.

Highlights Affecting Plan Sponsors of Qualified Plans for 2020

  • The contribution limit for employees who participate in 401(k), 403(b), most 457 plans, and the federal government’s Thrift Savings Plan is increased from  $19,000 to $19,500.
  • The catch-up contribution limit for employees aged 50 and over who participate in 401(k), 403(b), most 457 plans and the federal government’s Thrift Savings Plan is increased from $6,000 to $6,500.
  • The limitation under Section 408(p)(2)(E) regarding SIMPLE retirement accounts is increased from $13,000 to $13,500.
  • The limit on annual contributions to an IRA remains unchanged at $6,000. The additional catch-up contribution limit for individuals aged 50 and over is not subject to an annual cost-of-living adjustment and remains $1,000.
  • The limitation on the annual benefit under a defined benefit plan under Section 415(b)(1)(A) is increased from $225,000 to $230,000.
  • The limitation for defined contribution plans under Section 415(c)(1)(A) is increased in 2019 from $56,000 to $57,000.
  • The annual compensation limit under Sections 401(a)(17), 404(l), 408(k)(3)(C), and 408(k)(6)(D)(ii) is increased from $280,000 to $285,000.
  • The dollar limitation under Section 416(i)(1)(A)(i) concerning the definition of key employee in a top-heavy plan is increased from $180,000 to $185,000.
  • The dollar amount under Section 409(o)(1)(C)(ii) for determining the maximum account balance in an employee stock ownership plan subject to a five year distribution period is increased from $1,130,000 to $1,150,000, while the dollar amount used to determine the lengthening of the five year distribution period is increased from $225,000 to $230,000.
  • The limitation used in the definition of highly compensated employee under Section 414(q)(1)(B) is increased from $125,000 to $130,000.

The IRS previously Updated Health Savings Account limits for 2019. See our post here.

The following chart summarizes various significant benefit Plan limits for 2018 through 2020:

Type of Limitation202020192018
415 Defined Benefit Plans$230,000$225,000$220,000
415 Defined Contribution Plans$57,000$56,000$55,000
Defined Contribution Elective Deferrals$19,500$19,000$18,500
Defined Contribution Catch-Up Deferrals$6,500$6,000$6,000
SIMPLE Employee Deferrals$13,500$13,000$12,500
SIMPLE Catch-Up Deferrals$3,000$3,000$3,000
Annual Compensation Limit$285,000$280,000$275,000
SEP Minimum Compensation$600$600$600
SEP Annual Compensation Limit$280,000$280,000$275,000
Highly Compensated$130,000$125,000$120,000
Key Employee (Officer)$185,000$180,000$175,000
Income Subject To Social Security Tax  (FICA)$137,700$132,900$128,400
Social Security (FICA) Tax For ER & EE (each pays)6.20%6.20%6.20%
Social Security (Med. HI) Tax For ERs & EEs (each pays)1.45%1.45%1.45%
SECA (FICA Portion) for Self-Employed12.40%12.40%12.40%
SECA (Med. HI Portion) For Self-Employed2.9%2.9%2.9%
IRA Contribution$6,000$6,000$5,500
IRA Catch-Up Contribution$1,000$1,000$1,000
HSA Max. Contributions Single/Family Coverage$3,550/ $7,100$3,500/ $7,00$3,450/ $6,900
HSA Catchup Contributions$1,000$1,000$1,000
HSA Min. Annual Deductible Single/Family$1,400/ $2,800$1,350/ $2,700$1,350/ $2,700
HSA Max. Out Of Pocket Single/Family$6,900/ $13,800$6,750/ $13,500$6,650/ $13,300

Author: Erwin

Erwin Kratz practices exclusively in the areas of ERISA and employee benefits law, focusing on tax and regulatory matters relating to qualified and nonqualified deferred compensation and welfare benefits.